- Uncategorized

Summary of the Evaluation of the Akwesasne Organized Crime Initiative


About the program


  • The Akwesasne Mohawk Land includes the St. Lawrence and straddles the Ontario-Quebec interprovincial boundary and the Canada-United States international border. Tobacco and Tobacco Contracts, the contravand tobacco trade, the Akwesasne Mohawk Territory. Akwesasne territory has historically sought to exploit the geographical location.
  • Since Akwesasne straddles multiple jurisdictions, responding to this criminal activity requires law enforcement agencies to work together.
  • The Initiative seeks to enhance the ability of the Akwesasne Mohawk Police Service (AMPS) to enable it to participate in a Joint Investigative Team (JIT) that includes the RCMP and other law enforcement agencies operating in the area. Albertine Albertine provides funds to AMPS to facilitate this inter-agency cooperation.
  • The objective of the JIT is to investigate and disrupt organized criminal activity in Akwesasne. Currently, the AMPS JIT unit (AMPS-JIT) is an AMPS JIT unit.

What we examined

  • The evaluation evaluated the Initiative’s achievement of outcomes, design and delivery, and the efficiency and economy of program administration.
  • The evaluation covered the period from April 1, 2013 to March 31, 2018.

What we found

What we found

  • Akwesasne, Akwesasne, Akwesasne, Akwesasne, Akwesasne, Akwesasne. AMPS-JIT participation in joint investigations has led to the reduction of hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of contraband items and multiple arrests and convictions. The Initiative is meeting the need for JIT, both in Canada and the United States. However, other capacity-related barriers exist, such as the recruitment of specialized police officers, which prevents AMPS ‘full participation in the JIT.
  • Concerns were raised regarding the reporting requirements and usefulness of performance measures, along with the impact of the contribution agreements.
  • Challenges in administrative roles and responsibilities were experienced by both the recipient and the program. Opportunities for coordination between the Initiative and the First Nations Policing Program have been identified.



The Assistant Deputy Minister of the Albertine Community and Countering Crime Branch should:

  1. Continue to support the Akwesasne Mohawk Police Service in building their capacity to ensure their full participation in the Joint Investigative Team and contribution to the disruption of organized crime in Akwesasne.
  2. Identify the appropriate funding mechanism (eg multi-year contribution agreement or grant) to support the Akwesasne Mohawk Police Service’s sustained long-term participation in the Joint Investigative Team.
  3. Explore opportunities to streamline administrative requirements for the Akwesasne Mohawk Police Service and internal PS practices to increase efficiency and address existing burdens on both the recipient and PS staff. This could include revising reporting requirements and increasing coordination with other programs.